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The Covid-19 Thread: News, Preparation Tips, Etc


From Shea Butter Hater to Shea Butter Caker!
My nephew's friend believes she's got the symptoms of the virus but she can't get tested because she didn't tick all the boxes that they use to determine whether someone should be tested or not at the urgent care center. They tested her for the flu and it came back negative. So she's self quarantined. I'm afraid this may be the case for many. In Europe people go to the doctor for everything because they can and have access. Here in the US, we don't and I think lots of uninsured people and people who just don't go to the doctor won't get tested and will probably unknowingly infect others because they don't know they've contracted it. I don't know how to post from social media on here. If I figure it out I'll share her post.
Actually, in France where I currently live, you have to wait a long time to get in to see a doctor, in 'normal/regular' situations.

People have supplemental insurance. In general terms, the more wealth you have, the better and more expensive your supplemental insurance, the better your health care. No matter where you go, wealth always makes a difference and extends and provides privileges to those with wealth, above and beyond those without wealth.
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From Shea Butter Hater to Shea Butter Caker!
If I were in the US right now, I would strongly focus on collecting things to make my family comfortable and to keep them safe for the inevitable, coming surge of the impact of the virus. I would be IMPLEMENTING and taking action.

Such as collecting items for making face masks, getting essential oils etc. Any supplies I deemed critical and did not have, I would be scouring YouTube to see what substitute materials I could still buy, or use to MAKE what I needed but did not yet have.

In the US, in this window of time Black Women, you all have three ADVANTAGES:
  1. Family around you.
  2. Freedom of movement.
  3. Access to materials and supplies in stores to jerry-rig, MCGyver it, or create makeshift alternatives of what you need.

Now is not the time to be focusing on how things SHOULD be. Now is the time is to focus on how things ARE and work with that.

Guess what?

Racism, discrimination and all the other isms and inequality in general, that so many live with on a daily basis, has prepared you over your lifetimes.

We all may not be able to be stealth and spring into action. But even the very sensitive among us, those of us who are emotionally struggling or even physically struggling, have some advantages due to our collective experience.

Racism teaches you how to COPE. These coping skills, which you have developed in ways you may not even be aware, are going to help you navigate.


From Shea Butter Hater to Shea Butter Caker!

Can DIY Masks Protect Us from Coronavirus?

2020-03-04 Paddy Robertson Coronavirus, Masks

DIY masks to protect against from viruses sounds like a crazy idea. Data shows masks work incredibly well, and they’re also really cheap. Surgical masks cost a few pennies, and they’re capable of filtering out 80% of particles down to 0.007 microns (14 times smaller than the coronavirus).

However, the coronavirus outbreak brought with it a new problem: masks are sold out.

People have scrambled to make their own masks, but can homemade masks really protect you from the coronavirus? Smart Air has analyzed the data to give you the answer.

Testing DIY Masks
Scientists from the University of Cambridge asked this exact question in the aftermath of the 2009 H1N1 flu pandemic. They thought that in a global pandemic scenario, we might run out of N95 masks. Their predictions have come true during the coronavirus outbreak.

The researchers asked volunteers to make their own masks using cotton t-shirts and a sewing machine, using a simple protocol they’d devised. Next, they performed a fit test to test how well they could capture particles down to 0.02 microns. They compared the DIY masks against surgical masks.

The homemade cotton masks captured 50% of 0.02-1 micron particles, compared with 80% for the surgical mask. Although the surgical masks captured 30% more particles, the cotton masks did surprisingly well. The researchers concluded that homemade masks would be better than nothing.

Coronavirus & Mask Livestream
Wondering whether masks work to protect you against the coronavirus? Check out our livestream recap covering all the info here!

Is that the only test on DIY masks?
The Cambridge data shows that homemade masks made using cotton t-shirts can filter out some particles that are 0.02–1 microns in size. That’s pretty good, however its only one test. Is there any more data for other DIY masks available? A group of researchers in the Netherlands tested homemade masks made from a tea cloth for smaller particles, that are more similar in size to viruses.

They tested what percentage of particles the masks could capture for the same sized particles as the Cambridge researchers: from 0.02 to 1 micron. They also used a fit-test machine to test the masks while people were actually wearing them.

The tea cloth mask captured 60% of the 0.02 – 1 micron particles. Not surprisingly, the surgical mask and N95 mask captured more particles, but the data shows homemade mask was far from useless at capturing virus-sized particles.

How Long Can You Wear DIY Masks for?
Next, they tested the DIY masks’ effectiveness after people had worn them for 3 hours. The results showed that moisture and time had very little impact on effectiveness for any of the masks.

In fact, the homemade masks actually captured 5.8% more virus-sized particles after 3 hours. Thus, wearing them for several hours seems to have little impact on their effectiveness.

Do Homemade Masks Work for Children?
Next, they tested homemade masks with 11 children 5 to 11 years old. When kids wore the homemade masks, they removed just 52% of the 0.02 – 1 micron particles. That means the masks were roughly 15% less effective on kids than on adults.

Interestingly, the surgical masks and FFP2 (N92) masks also did worse on children. This fits with a Smart Air test of children’s masks in India that found lower effectiveness on children than adults. The data suggests that it is harder to fit masks on children’s faces.

Bottom Line on DIY Masks for Fighting Viruses
Data shows that DIY masks made with a single layer of cotton clothing or a tea towel can remove around 50-60% of virus-sized particles. This means they perform worse than surgical masks and FFP2 (N95) masks. Wearing the homemade masks for 3 hours had no significant effect on the filtration efficiency.

DIY masks also work for children, but they are less effective on kids than they are on adults.



From Shea Butter Hater to Shea Butter Caker!
More Info on Why to Avoid NSAIDs, anti-inflammatory drugs if you have fever. These increase the complications.

There are two types of anti-inflammatory drugs:
  1. Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. (Not available over the counter)
  2. Non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) (Available over the counter)
This doctor does not recommend taking Tylenol. He says that it's better to experience the fever as it is your body's immune response working. He says that when we are at febrile temperatures (when you have fever) the immune system may be optimized. (Please Watch the video for yourself.)


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Well-Known Member
This is aggravating. Sheesh.

I listened to a video of some black people living in Asia during the outbreak and what their respective countries did. It was 6 black people in 6 countries.

It reminded me that the reason they are able to nip this in the bud is the culture of wearing masks, swift social distancing (in some cases an almost ruthless execution of quarantine restrictions) and the level of compliance they can enforce.

Westerners (especially Europe and US) I just don't see us nipping it in the bud that easily, but at least we've done some things that I hope mitigate some of the risks and hopefully keeps us away from the Imperial models worst case scenario.

This is video of you're interested. I had it on as background. I know it's an hour and some folks around here hate long YouTube videos. Lol.

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Well-Known Member
They say dogs can't catch it, but yesterday, there was a report that a dog that tested positive just died. I know the dog was 17 years old.... I say if you have a pet you love, give them a little something using the pet protocol I posted earlier... I would give mine a little elderberry via spoon.... #can'thurt


Well-Known Member

Americans trapped in Morocco, Peru plea for US help getting home
The State Dept. had warned countries may impose last-minute restrictions.
Conor Finnegan
March 18, 2020, 4:52 PM ET
10 min read

10 ways life has changed since coronavirus struckThe WHO has now declared the virus, aka COVID-19, a pandemic.STOCK PHOTO/Getty Images
Art Goldberg and Sarajane Johnson toured the streets of Marrakesh Wednesday, but not exactly as planned. Confined to a bus to keep their distance, they drove through streets of closed tea shops and spice vendors, palaces and museums -- even as Morocco's government moves to seal its borders Thursday and bar any international travel in and out of the country.

That could leave the American couple, along with 12 others in their tour group, soon stranded in the North African country -- some of many Americans around the world caught by fast-changing travel restrictions imposed by local governments amid the spread of the novel coronavirus.

But while the State Department has chartered evacuation flights out of Wuhan, China and for passengers aboard the Diamond Princess cruise ship in Japan, it is advising American citizens to not rely on the U.S. government to fly them home.

MORE: Coronavirus map: Tracking the spread in the US and around the world

Passengers of the MS Westerdam, back, owned by Holland America Line, disembark at the port of Sihanoukville, Cambodia, Feb. 15, 2020. After being stranded at sea for two weeks because five ports refused to allow their cruise ship to dock, the passengers of the MS Westerdam were anything but sure their ordeal was finally over. (AP Photo/Heng Sinith)Heng Sinith/AP

"We're fine, healthy so far," Sarajane said in an email, "but starting to worry about when and how we'll get out." Like dozens of other Americans, their flight was canceled after Morocco announced it would close its borders Sunday, and while there are some emergency flights out before Thursday, their tour group says they won't be on one.

There have been 38 confirmed cases in Morocco, with two deaths. Art and Sarajane said they worry about their group of 14 Americans, with 12 of them over the age of 70 and one aged 85 years old -- although she's the "most feisty" of the group, Art said.

Local U.S. embassies have been trying to keep American travelers up to date on the latest restrictions through alerts, while the department issued an unprecedented worldwide advisory one week ago, urging all U.S. citizens to "reconsider travel" overseas until further notice.

That's left travelers like Stephanie Goldberger, one of dozens of Americans stranded in Peru, furious with U.S. officials and desperate for help to get home.

The U.S. Embassy in Lima "has given us no help so far," Goldberger said, stuck in the capital after the government closed all international borders and halted any travel between provinces, just before Goldberger arrived from Cusco, the ancient Incan capital popular with tourists. She said she has food and a place to wait out the two-week lock-down, but it's unclear if it will last longer than that -- with severe restrictions in place for now.

In dozens of alerts since the outbreak started, the State Department has warned through its local U.S. embassies that governments may enact travel restrictions on short notice.

"We are forbidden from stepping out of our hostel. One guy walked outside this morning, and he is not allowed to re-enter. Those are the rules of our hostel during quarantine, so police came and he could not retrieve his items inside," she said -- later adding that he was eventually allowed back inside.

In a small handful of cases, the local U.S. Embassy has assisted in an evacuation, chartering a flight out. U.S. staff and their families, Peace Corps volunteers, and any private citizen who signed up could join an evacuation flight Tuesday from Moldova, which shut all car, train, and commercial air travel in and out of the country. The embassy in Uzbekistan said Tuesday that it was also "determining the availability of a commercial flight" to evacuate Americans, requesting any citizens in the country who wish to depart to message them.

But many of the State Department's alerts for countries around the world have warned travelers should "have evacuation plans that do not rely on U.S. government assistance."

Mike Pompeo said Tuesday.

Generally, the U.S. government does not evacuate private citizens, urging them instead to take commercial flights while they remain available. In addition to Morocco, the U.S. embassies in Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia, and Serbia have all now urged Americans to take commercial flights out before borders are shut.

But the coronavirus travel restrictions often come suddenly, with a U.S. warning too late to be helpful. The embassy in Peru issued an alert just hours before borders closed Tuesday and pointed travelers to "their airlines to discuss options for rescheduling." In the meantime, it advised, "they should make arrangements for lodging in Peru for the duration of the quarantine period."

For Goldberger, it's also frustrating to see other countries like Israel and Argentina evacuate their citizens, while the embassy has been largely unresponsive. The U.S. Embassy told her to sign up for its alerts through its Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, or STEP, but she hasn't received any messages since she did, she said.

That doesn't mean there won't be other evacuation flights. A State Department spokesperson told ABC News, "We are aware the governments of several countries have announced suspension of air travel. We are considering all options to assist U.S. citizens in these countries and are continuously assessing travel conditions in all areas affected by

For Sarajane and Art, the tour company they are traveling with, Overseas Adventure Travel, has been in touch with the U.S. Embassy in Rabat, Morocco's capital. A spokesperson for OAT told ABC News they expect to get their approximately 150 travelers in Morocco now out of the country within four to five days.

It's unclear how that will happen. Morocco's government will shut down all commercial air travel after Thursday, when the last of 30 emergency flights permitted to leave the country will ferry out European and American tourists to London and some European Union cities, according to the embassy.

Art told ABC News they have not been given any updates or instructed to prepare to travel Thursday. The U.S. Embassy said only they "are considering all options to assist U.S. citizens who wish to depart" in a statement Wednesday, requesting travelers enroll in the local STEP program for the latest updates.

"We all think someone should step up to the plate and charter some planes to resolve this," Art said in an email, adding later, "4-5 days is better than some of the worst case scenarios some of us have envisioned, but it will not be easy."

For now, they have been watching the last flights out of Marrakesh from the roof of their hotel, or riad, where they still have good food and toilet paper.


Well-Known Member
More Info on Why to Avoid NSAIDs, anti-inflammatory drugs if you have fever. These increase the complications.

There are two types of anti-inflammatory drugs:
  1. Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. (Not available over the counter)
  2. Non-Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) (Available over the counter)
This doctor does not recommend taking Tylenol. He says that it's better to experience the fever as it is your body's immune response working. He says that when we are at febrile temperatures (when you have fever) the immune system may be optimized. (Please Watch the video for yourself.)

View attachment 456835

I’ve never understood the practice of reducing a fever that is helping your body fight off an invader (of course there are always exceptions). In the past when my kids have gotten sick with a fever, 9 times out 10 I will let it run its course. They typically recover much faster than the estimated duration. I’ve had people express their disapproval to me, especially my mom. If it were up to her, a low grade fever would be treated with Tylenol.


Well-Known Member
This is my major fear. So many items need to be shipped here from overseas, including food. I've stocked up on cleaning supplies and a few canned goods but now I feel that I may need to ramp up the pantry and hanker down. More water comes tomorrow.

they say they have enough food to last until June July, do you believe it?

my food store is still stocked out I checked the specials this week and there's nothing special about it, I will be getting the marinara sauce 2/$5.00 and spaghetti 2/$3 is not bad.

this maybe the last week for work.


Well-Known Member
I’ve never understood the practice of reducing a fever that is helping your body fight off an invader (of course there are always exceptions). In the past when my kids have gotten sick with a fever, 9 times out 10 I will let it run its course. They typically recover much faster than the estimated duration. I’ve had people express their disapproval to me, especially my mom. If it were up to her, a low grade fever would be treated with Tylenol.
Never know when it can cause you to seize.


Well-Known Member
I feel the same @Black Ambrosia. I’ve moved into the Depression phase of the stages of grief.

I went past Denial early on when I kept reading about this bug and started preparing for it by researching and ordering things I thought we’d need. I hit Anger watching the idiot in the White House deny everything after he dismantled the pandemic response team because it was something the black guy set up. Bargaining stage, well I’m not a big pray-er so there was nothing to bargain with anyone over. I’m now in Depression.

Maybe I’ll get to the Acceptance stage as DH has? He has had to talk me off a proverbial ledge everyday this week. But I don’t know. This is unprecedented and people still seem to think there’s an end in sight. There isn’t. Our world has effectively changed and the sooner we can all get on board and accept that the better.

We on this board are super connected and have access to tons of info on the internet. More than some of our families and maybe neighbors too. We should be able to read and understand the facts on the ground. And share those facts. Far too many people still aren’t taking this seriously DESPITE what has happened elsewhere in countries with more effective governments and more accessible healthcare. There will not be a vaccine in the short term. We have to pull together and socially distance if we want to prevent a collapse of the medical system that is right now our only hope. We cannot overwhelm it. Doctors and nurses will die, and we will too.

I am so so sad about all of this, and trying to adjust to this new normal. :cry3:

Thank you for this! Yesterday I was going to pose the question if it's possible to go through the stages of grief over this, but I felt a little silly so I didn't bother. But you have validated my feelings and shown me that I'm not alone. I think I mainly go back and forth between anger and denial. But it's moreso because I can't believe how incredibly selfish people are being. However, it warms my heart to see how some people and companies are stepping up. I try to focus on that when I can. It's rough now and it's going to get worse, but I believe that there's a silver lining at the end....I dunno, maybe that's denial?


Well-Known Member
Good conversation but now I'm more concerned about it being airborne. I know it's not as simple as walking outside and automatically getting it but it's not uncommon to be going about your business and someone around you coughs or sneezes. If you're in line at the store or on an elevator then you're definitely inhaling what's coming out of them. The doctor said you're more likely to get it from it being airborne than from touching your face after it's on your hands. It really made it clear why we need to self quarantine or shelter in place.
Yes, this reminds me of when I went to Mexico a few years ago. I followed the advice to prevent getting sick - not to drink the water and to use bottled water when I brushed my teeth.

I came back home with a fever of 103.1 degrees anyway, and I'm sure it was from something airborne.


Well-Known Member
The orange man is calling out China at every news conference lol (I honestly would not care but it affects Asian people in Europe and the Americas and is feeding into xenophobia and prejudice). I am soooo glad this virus did not originate in Africa or the Caribbean.

Has anyone noticed the subtle shade in the news towards Trump? I noticed CNN quoting some of his speach word for word and I keep laughing because the way he speaks sounds hilarious when it’s written word for word. I also saw the German premiere, Merkle being referred as the leader of the free world and how her address to the nation was intelligent lol.
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From Shea Butter Hater to Shea Butter Caker!
I'm on lock down for 30 days but insulated, for the time being. So I am scouring and posting things that I hope you ladies may find helpful.

Info for nurses or medical staff:

Article link: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2763188

Complete pdf: https://scholar.google.com/scholar_...ADg&scisig=AAGBfm3kDFerlr0Y7JnsxlaSdTkthSjOrQ

Excerpt in/from JAMA:

March 13, 2020
Critical Care Utilization for the COVID-19 Outbreak in Lombardy, ItalyEarly Experience and Forecast During an Emergency Response
Giacomo Grasselli, MD1,2; Antonio Pesenti, MD1,2; Maurizio Cecconi, MD3
Author Affiliations Article Information
JAMA. Published online March 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.4031
COVID-19 Resource Center

Coronavirus in Italy—Report From the Front Lines

On February 20, 2020, a patient in his 30s admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in Codogno Hospital (Lodi, Lombardy, Italy) tested positive for a new coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). He had a history of atypical pneumonia that was not responding to treatment, but he was not considered at risk for COVID-19 infection.1 The positive result was immediately reported to the Lombardy health care system and governmental offices. During the next 24 hours, the number of reported positive cases increased to 36. This situation was considered a serious development for several reasons: the patient (“patient 1”) was healthy and young; in less than 24 hours, 36 additional cases were identified, without links to patient 1 or previously identified positive cases already in the country; it was not possible to identify with certainty the source of transmission to patient 1 at the time; and, because patient 1 was in the ICU and there were already 36 cases by day 2, chances were that a cluster of unknown magnitude was present and additional spread was likely.

On February 21, an emergency task force was formed by the Government of Lombardy and local health authorities to lead the response to the outbreak. This Viewpoint provides a summary of the response of the COVID-19 Lombardy ICU network and a forecast of estimated ICU demand over the coming weeks (projected to March 20, 2020).

Setting the Priorities and the Initial Response
In Lombardy, the precrisis total ICU capacity was approximately 720 beds (2.9% of total hospital beds at a total of 74 hospitals); these ICUs usually have 85% to 90% occupancy during the winter months.

The mission of the COVID-19 Lombardy ICU Network was to coordinate the critical care response to the outbreak. Two top priorities were identified: increasing surge ICU capacity and implementing measures for containment.

Increasing ICU Surge Capacity
The recognition that this outbreak likely occurred via community spread suggested that a large number of COVID-19–positive patients were already present in the region. This prediction proved correct in the following days. Based on the assumption that secondary transmission was already occurring, and even with containment measures that health authorities were establishing, it was assumed that many new cases of COVID-19 would occur, possibly in the hundreds or thousands of individuals. Thus, assuming a 5% ICU admission rate,2 it would not have been feasible to allocate all critically ill patients to a single COVID-19 ICU. The decision was to cohort patients in 15 first-responder hub hospitals, chosen because they either had expertise in infectious disease or were part of the Venous-Venous ECMO Respiratory Failure Network (RESPIRA).3

Video interview of one of the paper authors:



Well-Known Member

Americans trapped in Morocco, Peru plea for US help getting home

The State Dept. had warned countries may impose last-minute restrictions.
Conor Finnegan
March 18, 2020, 4:52 PM ET
I keep wondering how long were these trips. There is no way you would have caught me overseas after Mid Feb. I would be on the first thing smoking. I hear the hotels are shutting down so people will have to find AirBnbs or something if that's an option. That seems terrifying to me.

There are youtubers Naka and Dom crying about being stuck in Asia and regretting going on their trip at the start of all this. They said some flights were 15K so they cobbled some flights together and hope they can make it through to get home.

I was watching it going....I hope y'all have a contingency plan beyond what "should" happen.


Well-Known Member
I want to SCREAMMMM!
I already had anxiety, bc in Public health I know what's coming. I didn't sleep much last night...my anxiety is up and my cycle is raging. So I'm eating a lot.
But I get to work this morning, my staff are in an uproar, they want to shut down public access bc the State is shutting down public access EXCEPT essential services...like ours....so we stay open which I had to remind them.
Then one of my staff members (a supervisor) piggy backs (reply all) an email to my boss' boss and our community partners some incorrect, non-CDC guidelines on what SHE thinks we ought to do to protect ourselves. My boss' boss rang my phone off the hook for 1/2 hour asking if I co-signed on that---which I didn't and had to chew my staff member out. All this is going on while I'm fielding emails from the public, agreeing to interviews, and seeing a client here and there. Then the ball drops.
ANOTHER community partner who's offices house my field staff sends and email chastising another supervisor of mine out there about not telling her---wait for it....that one of my staff members took their :angry2::swearing: out to ground zero California where there is community spread for a wedding this past weekend.....A WEDDING that someone REFUSED to cancel....Has been back in Florida since Monday....Comes to work YESTERDAY, and then only today, her and her supervisor asked if she could isolate while working phones. The local nurse for that clinic calls the CDC and of course sends her home to quarantine for 14 days. Not to mention I just found out one of my staff has cancer and isn't doing too good...and is older....and another one wants to take a leave of absence because she doesn't want to engage with the public.

All this before 10 AM this morning.
I want to use a bow and arrow Robin Hood style and line them all up. The 2 supervisors, my assistant, the boss, the one who is threatening to leave....save California girl for a kick in the rear then bow and arrow.
I'm tired.


Well-Known Member
I’m sorry but I’m getting annoyed at people on Facebook who are still asking why people are panicking, and bringing up how Coronavirus is on disinfectant bottles. I can’t believe there are people out here still this dense!
They are all the trump followers you can always tell by the words they use. Many were all excited about his PC today because he was going to be telling everyone he had a vaccine for it already. :lachen:


From Shea Butter Hater to Shea Butter Caker!
How to Self Isolate in Small Places Like a Studio Apartment You Share with a Partner or Your Family
I made up and call it the 4 Tap Method: )

If you feel sick and are not able to get testing, or are refused testing and told to go home, try to isolate yourself from your family. Use a separate bedroom and bathroom if they exist in your home. For many, this is not possible. What if you share a studio apartment with a partner or your family?

"What if I have roommates?

I hope you like your bedroom because this is your home for the next 14 days. You shouldn’t leave it other than to get something to eat or use the bathroom — and you should let your roommates use the kitchen / bathroom before you go in. Remember to also thoroughly disinfect surfaces you touch after you’re done to avoid contaminating shared spaces, and do not share household items like cups, plates, utensils, and towels during this time.

If you share a bed with your partner, it’s best to also isolate from each other if possible to avoid potentially transmitting the virus to one another. Even if you both were in an impacted country together, it’s still possible one person could have caught it separately. If you live in a small studio apartment and have no place else to go, the CDC recommends wearing a face mask when you’re around housemates."


Overview of What You May Want to Do:
  1. Let everyone use the kitchen first, then you go. Then you disinfect it after you finish.
  2. Family members should disinfect the kitchen BEFORE they use it, after you have been in it and then disinfect it again after they use it. (Chicoro suggestion)
  3. Let everyone use the bathroom first, then you. Then you disinfect it after you finish.
  4. Family members should disinfect the bathroom BEFORE they use it, after you have been in it and then disinfect it again after they use it. (Chicoro suggestion)
  5. You, the affected one, need to wear a face mask, while you are in the home together.
  6. Do not share towels, cups, plates or utensils.
  7. Get your toothbrushes out the bathroom! (Chicoro suggestion)
  8. If you are self isolating, keep your toothbrush away everyone else's toothbrush. (Chicoro suggestion)

4 Tap Method: (Assuming affected person is well enough to clean after him or herself)
Tap 1: Unaffected person disinfects kitchen or bathroom before using it.
Tap 2: Unaffected person disinfects kitchen or bathroom after using it.
Tap 3: Affected person disinfects kitchen or bathroom before using it.
Tap 4: Affected person disinfects kitchen or bathroom after using it.